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Melia Dubia

Melia Dubia originates from the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous species of tree to India, South East Asia and Australia, where it has been cultivated as a source of firewood. Melia Dubia is commonly found in the hills at elevations ranging from 600 - 1800 meters and grows well in rainfall areas of 25” to 35” (625mm to 875mm).

Why Melia Dubia, The Royal Tree

As the present scenario the timber demand in India is very high and the high-tech cultivation system under the management of expert agro professionals can fetch good amount of tax free income through Melia Dubia Plantations. It can fetch good income with assured buyback and it is low maintenance crop. This combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land use system. In addition, these plantations are helpful to the planet in preventing raising temperature and checking gas emission into the atmosphere.

It is fastest growing tree and is used for reforestation purposes. The wood of this tree is used majorly in Plywood Industry and also paper, matches, packaging etc. The fruit of the plant is bitter. It is considered anthelmintic. It gives positive tests with alkaloid reagents. Melia Dubia grows on a variety of soils; however, it grows well in deep, fertile and sandy loam soils.

Today the agro industry and agriculture sector is passing through difficult times due to ever increasing input costs, non availability of labor, soil degradation and climate change issues. The land values are increased and income from agriculture is reduced due to various unfavorable conditions resulting in that the farmers are selling away their lands, shifting in to other fields and migrating to urban habitations. Sce many of the short term crops are risky, less remunerative and uncertain, it is time to cultivate medium to long term agro forestry crops like Melia Dubia, Sandalwood, Red Sanders, Casurina, Eucalyptus etc. which are cost effective also guaranteed better revenue.

The agro forestry is one of the rapid increasing sector provide excellent income and the agro forestry is the best option and solution for the above said problem. Melia Dubia (Malabar Neem) is a promising tree highly suitable for farm forestry and agro forestry for generating higher income in the semi-arid regions. Agro-forestry is a sustainable land management system which increases the overall yield of the lands. The agro forestry crops can be done along with the agricultural crops and livestock on the same land either simultaneously or sequentially.

As the present scenario the timber demand in India is very high and the high-tech cultivation system under the management of expert agro professionals can fetch good amount of tax free income through Melia Dubia Plantations. It can fetch good income with assured buyback and it is low maintenance crop. This combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy and sustainable land use system. In addition, these plantations are helpful to the planet in preventing raising temperature and checking gas emission into the atmosphere.

Importance of Melia Dubia

Melia Dubia is a promising tree highly suitable for agro forestry or farm forestry with a life cycle of 8 to 12 years is gaining economic importance both in domestic and global markets. It is getting popularized among farmers due to its characteristics such as fast growth, stem straightness without much of branches, less shade effect and for not susceptible to pest and insect attacks. The commercial importance for agro forestry plantations is increasing due to various reasons as explained above and certain tree varieties like Melia Dubia is getting popularized because it fetches assured income with buyback arrangements and requires low maintenance. In addition, these trees also contribute in carbon sequestration and mitigation of climate change impacts.

But considering the general characteristics of the fast growing tree species generally planted by the farmers, technology input is very much essential to make quality products. Through effective research it is possible to broaden the market of Melia Dubia plantation products into specialty products i.e. development of higher grade of plywood like Decorative/Marine/Shuttering grade Plywood, MDF, Particle Board, Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL), Compreg etc.

Melia Dubia will grow up to 40 feet within two years of planting and has the potential of yielding up to 40 tons of biomass on an average per acre per annum of 10 year old plantation. The minimum cultivation period is six years and it can be allowed up to 8 years for good economic value. In addition to the commercial importance these trees helps in preventing temperature rise and checking gas emission into the atmosphere as the trees are naturally endowed to absorb maximum CO2. Its high calorific value makes it a viable source of feedstock for biomass power plants. In view of the ever increasing timber demand for various commercial purposes and shortage in natural resources the importance for the fast growing Melia Dubia is gaining steadily.

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